Excessive rain, clogged foundation drains, and plumbing malfunctions are all common problems that all homeowners will eventually encounter. The basement is the lowest point in the house, and any water that inadvertently ends up in the house will find its way to the basement floor. If the basement floor is covered in carpet or wood, it will be ruined. If its covered in tile or vinyl, the submersion in water will most likely trigger a delamination process that will end up with your flooring eventually coming unglued from the concrete in your basement. Even if the concrete under the carpet or tile is covered in glue, mastic, or grout, it can be prepared to be stained. After the floor is stained it will be coated with a sealer that will protect the floor from water and mold. Additionally, the floor will be free from allergens that are commonly associated with carpet floors. Patterns can be applied by staining over a vinyl stencil that is stuck to the floor. The addition of multiple colors of stain will create a floor that is as durable as concrete, but as beautiful as marble or granite tile.
There is a choice to make between safety and appearance, and safety wins every time. And concrete salt damage is the inevitable result. Even if you choose not to salt your own property, salt finds its way into your concrete driveways, concrete garage floors, and walkways. And now the problems begin. It is made from easily found natural materials and is considered to be hard and durable. Concrete is naturally very alkaline, being made up of lime, sand, stone. and has a very specific optimum pH range to maintain its strength, hardness, and cohesion. Combining with the ingredients already inside your concrete, a waterborne reactive silicate penetrating sealer will penetrate the concrete and create a chemical reaction with the calcium and free lime – forming a gel in all the pores. The very best benefit from this permanent solution is the resulting ph change provided by some formulas. No more surface flaking or crumbling. Your concrete will end up harder, denser, waterproof, salt and chemical resistant, stain resistant, and keep its appearance. They are also formulated to be applied on existing concrete and will provide permanent protection from salt and other chemicals, preventing any further surface erosion or interior compromise. If your concrete is already crumbling, this will not ‘repair’ it.
However, there are several options to makeover an old dull concrete driveway, walkway, patio or any other concrete surface without having to tear out aging concrete and install a new one. Is the Surface Suitable for Resurfacing? Before anything else, though, you need to determine whether the concrete can actually be resurfaced. There are no complex steps here. All you need to do is inspect the concrete surface to make sure it is in sound condition. If you are not sure what to do, ask a concrete professional to check out the concrete. Staining – In this option, you’re not just adding a solid color to a concrete surface. Because stains seep into the concrete, it produces rich semitransparent color effects and can even mimic the look of stained wood or polished marble. Because the properties of different concrete surfaces vary, the effect of staining is also different every time and it is this uniqueness that makes it appealing. The concrete is saw cut after it has hardened. Engraving or etching – Special tools are used to etch designs into concrete. As you can see, the options for concrete resurfacing are many, creating a lot of possibilities for upgrading the look of aging concrete.
Also, some basic factors, along with the combination of concrete surface conditions such as application methods, temperature, have called attention than in any other decorative discipline. Before StainingSince every piece of concrete is unique in its own ways, the only way to determine the true color and effect is by testing the performance of stains in an inconspicuous area. Experienced and novice staining professionals covers this type of troubleshooting and touch up work in detail. The other part of troubleshooting is with surface effects. Oil, sealers, chalk lines, to name a few, can ruin an otherwise flawless stain job. These residues can chemically alter the sealer film as well as act as a bond breaker by clogging the pores of the concrete. Expert staining professionals bring out the hidden surface issues before you waste a lot of your time, money and concrete. Be wary of those contractors propagating staining concrete to be maintenance free. Educating clients should become an integral part of everyone staining process.
Acid Stain is a very durable product if properly protected with sealer or wax, and it can be applied to both interiors and exteriors. What makes Acid Stain so attractive? Acid Stain gives concrete a mottled, variegated, marble like look. It creates beautiful colors on concrete, mostly earth tone browns, reddish browns and greens. You can go from a simple design to a very sophisticated project. The more complicated your design, the more labor intensive it will become but the end results are simply stunning. After the Acid Stain is applied, the floor should be sealed and or waxed to protect the stain and add shine and depth. The Decorative Concrete Business has been growing very rapidly for the last few years, and Acid Stain has been a big part of this growth.
Moisture will come from numerous sources. Gutters work great but few people bother to maintain them. In time they pull away from walls, debris gets in them, downspouts don’t provide proper runoff. Dry air in the basement helps pull moisture through the slab. So you have moisture, at least a little. Height – Basement floors are seldom a consideration when designed. As a result doorways and stairs are a problem. Code requires six inch risers at stairways. I see this frequently even in Multi-million dollar homes. I might add, even if there wasn’t a code issue all the doors would have to be cut down if any flooring added height, like tile or hardwood. Use duct tape and tape plastic around all edges so air cannot get out. This works as a topical moisture vapor barrier preventing moisture from wicking through concrete. You can also turn on your dehumidifier. The moisture that collects in your dehumidifier is the same moisture that ends up in carpets. Providing that you get your basement moisture under control the application of a decorative concrete overlay is the best solution. Overlays are breathable and will allow moisture vapor to pass through. They are easy to install and very inexpensive. The beauty of the area rugs is that they can be removed for cleaning or replaced. This solves the problem of unhealthy mold, mildew and resulting poor air quality caused by moist carpets. Do it yourself floor staining and overlays are the perfect solution for finished basements.
Installing such a highly structured product may be done in different styles, shades as well as textures. Spending money in preserving the looks and the stability of a concrete surface is of extreme importance. Various sealers are available that helps in reducing staining and acts as an extensive protective coating layer above the concrete surface which is non-porous. Care must be taken while using steel bladed instruments or snow removal equipments on the concrete surface. Make use of neutral cleansers instead of acid cleaners to avoid any kind of damage to the decorative concrete surfaces. Regular care must be taken in case of exterior surfaces, as exterior applications are more prone to damages than that of interiors. Sealer provides a protective shield by creating a kind of barrier that avoids penetration of chemicals, water or any other foreign substances. Also regular application of these sealers add additional life to your concrete, making them attractive and a wise decision taking into consideration the large cost of replacement. These sealers also make the cleaning process much easier, while adding extra lifespan to the concrete.
In most cases, you can simply follow directions and accomplish your goal. A sealant coat is also mandatory for the epoxy garage floor to maintain its finish for the years to come. That’s far longer than most pets, especially hamsters. In all reality, it only makes sense to install an epoxy kit if you’re willing to invest the time and effort into getting it right the first time. An epoxy garage floor is not going to be your best option if your only goal is to cover some stained concrete or keep it from getting stained in the first place. Otherwise, you may want to consider having a professional install your epoxy garage floor kit.